Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate. For more information on enlarged prostate click here.

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What is it?

It is inflammation of the prostate and is often uncomfortable and affects day to day life.

What causes it?

There are two types of prostatitis: bacterial and non-bacterial. The former makes up 80% of cases while the latter makes up 20%.

Bacterial prostatitis usually stems from another infection in the nearby area. For example a urinary tract infection or an STD such as gonorrhoea or chlamydia. Once the infection (particularly those that have not been treated adequately) spreads to the prostate symptoms may occur.

Non-bacterial prostatitis means inflammation without an infection and can be acute or chronic. Often the cause is not known.

Symptoms?

Common symptoms include:

  • difficulty urinating
  • frequent need to urinate
  • blood in the urine or semen
  • pain or burning with during urination
  • pain with passing motion
  • pain with ejaculation
  • pain in the lower back, pubic area, or deep within the pelvis
  • sexual dysfunction such as erectile dysfunction

Diagnosis is usually through history and examination of the prostate but a blood test looking at prostate specific antigen (PSA) is also helpful.

Treatment?

Bacterial prostatitis usually requires an extended course of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medication with regular follow up to ascertain the progress.

Non-bacterial prostatitis won’t respond well to antibiotics so only anti-inflammatory medication is used. Sometimes if the symptoms are persistent we may add in medication such as a low dose of erectile dysfunction medication, which has been shown to be beneficial in reducing prostatitis symptoms.

For more information please contact us or visit us in clinic.