Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are infections that are primarily transmitted through sexual contact. It can be passed from one person to another through the exchange of body fluids, including blood, vaginal fluid, or semen. It is crucial to prioritise safe sexual practices and regular testing to prevent the transmission and spread of STDs.
What are STDs? And why is STD testing and screening important?
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are infections that are primarily transmitted through sexual intercourse. They are caused by various pathogens and can have significant health consequences includes:
- Bacteria – like Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhea, and Treponema pallidum (syphilis)
- Viruses – such as HIV, HPV (Human Papillomavirus), Herpes Simplex Virus, Hepatitis B and C Viruses
- Parasites – such as Trichomonas vaginalis (Trichomoniasis)
STDs can affect different parts of the body, such as the penis, vagina, anus, throat, and even the eyes. It is crucial to understand that certain STDs can cause symptoms in areas beyond the sexual organs.
What’s more concerning is that numerous STDs can silently infect individuals, remaining completely invisible and asymptomatic as it pose a unique challenge as patients remain unaware of their infection, resulting in a failure to undergo STD testing and treatment.
Therefore, timely and accurate STD testing plays a crucial role in detecting underlying STDs, safeguarding individuals’ health and preventing further transmission.
Contemplating STDs can be overwhelming, let alone discussing them with your doctor during a consultation. If left untreated, STDs can result in serious complications or even death. However, early detection at an STD clinic in Singapore can make a significant difference by reducing complications and costs.
What are the common STDs and the symptoms?
In Singapore, the most common STDs include:
- Chlamydia: mild discomfort while urinating or pelvic pain similar to pelvic inflammatory disease
- Gonorrhea: burning while urinating, green or yellow discharge, pelvic pain, and discomfort during sexual intercourse.
- Genital Herpes: blistering of the skin in small clusters with a burning sensation
- Syphilis: ulcers, rashes
Should I take the test?
STDs tests, also known as STI testing, are readily accessible in Singapore at general practitioner (GP) clinics or specialised clinics that focus on men’s and women’s health. Many of these clinics offer confidential and anonymous STD testing options for individuals seeking such services.
STDs can silently impact individuals without any symptoms. With possibilities of STDs, including HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis B, and Genital Herpes (caused by Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2), it can be uncertain if one has contracted any form of infection.
If you experience any signs or symptoms of an STD, or if you’ve recently had sexual contact with a partner/partners who have an STD, it is highly recommended that you undergo testing and screening for STDs.
Getting an STD test or screening in Singapore is highly recommended for one who have but not limited to:
- A history of STD
- Unprotected sexual intercourse
- Multiple sexual partners
Common signs and symptoms
In Singapore, there are various types of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), which can make it challenging to determine the specific one you may be contracted. However, rest assured that STD testing in Singapore is highly effective in identifying STDs such as HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis B, and Genital Herpes (caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2).
Common signs and symptoms include:
- Rash On The Hands, Feet, Or Genital
What should I take note before my test?
- It is advised to take a vaginal swab test when you are not menstruating.
- To ensure accurate results, it is advisable to refrain from urinating for at least 2 hours before providing a urine sample for testing.
What are the benefits of STD test?
In light of the growing awareness surrounding STDs, it is crucial not to shy away from STD testing. It may surprise you to know that most doctors are capable of offering non-judgmental, personalised, professional, and confidential consultations to address your concerns about STDs. Early screening and treatment of STDs not only contribute to a higher quality of life and healthier relationships but also safeguard the well-being of both you and your loved ones.
Furthermore, testing for STDs is especially important if you are planning to have a baby. Remember: many STDs can be passed through sexual contact or childbirth, so make sure to get tested if you are pregnant or trying to conceive in order to keep both yourself and your unborn child safe.
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